Small slide featuring Twentebelt eyelink belts

Eyelink belts technical information

Twentebelt provides technical information about eyelink belts on this page.


An eyelink conveyor belt is composed of calibrated eyelinks, plate links and cross rods. Eyelinks are wire elements produced with great precision, whose far ends are eye-shaped, which explains the name. By assembling the eyes on to cross rods a hinge construction is created. Plate links transfer the load to underlying support sections, and are installed in rows at a regular distance.


The image below shows an eyelink, plate link and cross rods.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink, plate link and cross rods


The following materials are used for Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts:

  • Steel (bright)
  • Stainless steel AISI 304 | WS 1.4301
  • Stainless steel AISI 316 | WS 1.4401


Other materials are available on demand and/or on advice.

Belt structure configurations

Twentebelt offers a variety of eyelink belts.


Full eyelinks (DO)


The basic principle of all eyelink conveyor belts versions. On a full eyelink belt the eyelinks lie against each other, and the opening is equal to the wire diameter. This method can best be used for products likely to fall, or for applications that require small openings.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts type DO


Pressed eyelinks (DP)


Some applications require the smallest opening possible. By flattening the eyes of the eyelinks the opening between the links becomes smaller. This method is very appropriate for small and fine-structured products.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts type DP


Welded eyelinks (DL)


The eyelinks are welded on to an location wire, so that a module is created. Very narrow and very wide openings can be created, depending on the processing of the products concerned. The eyelinks can be set according European or American assembly, depending on the requirements of hygiene. The standard method is the use of one location wire. The use of more than one location wire will not make the belt more solid. Its only function is related to the dimensions of the product (the desired drain). Modular eyelink conveyor belts are stable, also in dimensional respect. The minimal opening is equal to the eyelink diameter + 0,05mm.


Photo featuring Twentebelt welded eyelinks (DL) belt


Pressed and welded eyelinks (DPL)


Some applications require a stable belt in combination with a small opening/drain. The accuracy of our welding process allows us to produce modules with very small intervals between the eyelinks. The modular structure makes the assembly of very broad belts possible.


Photo featuring Twentebelt pressed and welded eyelinks (DPL) belt


Eyelinks with springs (DV)


The placement of springs between the eyelinks ensures that they are positioned at regular intervals. The result is a relatively light belt with specific qualities, such as a good shock resistance and resistance to lateral forces. This is important in situations when the conveyor belt is loaded manually and/or laterally.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelinks with springs (DV) belt


Eyelinks with bushings or washers (DB)


Bushings or washers are meant to create an opening between the eyelinks. When bushings or washers are added the belts become heavier and more rigid.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelinks with bushings or washers (DB)

Side finishing

Twentebelt offers 4 different side finishes for its eyelink conveyor belts.


Welded edge (LK)


At both sides the belt is fitted with plate links, and the far ends of the cross rods are fitted with washers and subsequently welded. This results in a thorough finishing of the belt in combination with the desired bearing surface.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts side finish LK


Side chains (KH)


Eyelink conveyor belts are usually fitted with chains, if the belt is to perform a negative bend. For this purpose only hollow pin roller chains are used with pitch measurement equal to those of the belt. The selection of the chains depends on the operating conditions.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts side finish KH


Guide plates (GP)


Guide plates serve as a protection for the welding heads. The plates actually function as a “buffer” between the welding heads and the guidance or other constructions the sides of the belt can get in touch with.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts side finish GP


Plastic blocks (KB)


Plastic blocks are a patented item of Twentebelt. This product has several functions, which among other things improve the modular qualities of the eyelink belt (no welds), and generally also the hygiene.

  • A substitution for the plate links
  • No weld, a locking screw is placed into the block
  • Closed, smooth finish of the edges
  • The blocks are made of high-quality injected nylon and replace the plastic support strips; metal longitudinal strips will suffice
  • This saves materials with respect to construction
  • A variant (Ryton PPS) for a higher temperature range can be used up to a temperature of 180 °C


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts side finish KB

Optional belt features

Edge plates


All Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts can be provided with edge plates that make it possible to control the layer thickness of the product to be transported. The height and the shape of the edge plates can be adapted to the sort of product and to the process.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts options edge plates




For ascending and/or descending eyelink belts, flights can be fitted. The shape, measurements and structure (open / closed) of the flights will again be adapted to the sort of product and to the process.


Photo featuring Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts options flights


Example of eyelink conveyor belt featuring both edge plates and flights


Photo featuring eyelink conveyor belt provided with special flights and edge plates


Photo featuring eyelink conveyor belts specifications


1 – Pitch: Centre-to-centre distance of cross rods (ranging from 15,9 to 76,2 mm)

2 – Cross pitch: Centre-to-centre distance of eyelinks (ranging from 2,8 to 50 mm)

3 – Wire diameter (ranging from 1,6 to 3,2 mm)

4 – Number of location wires (ranging from 0 to 8)


Explanation of specification method for eyelink belts.


DL-LK 6 – 50 – 2,5 – 5 location wires 1


DL-LK: Welded eyelinks with welded edges

6: Cross-pitch (mm)

50: Pitch (mm)

2,5: Wire diameter (mm)

5: Cross bar wire diameter (mm)


The table below presents the most common dimensions for eyelink conveyor belts. Of course, custom specifications are possible. Please contact us and we will always be able to offer an adequate solution for your specific application.


Pitch (mm)Wire diameterCross rod diameterMinimal centre-to-centre distance between 2 eyelinksMinimal centre-to-centre distance between 2 eyelinks in welded version
15,91,83,23,6Not applicable
76,2310-13Not applicable6,05


* Pressed and welded, type DPL

Belt support

Generally two configurations are possible to provide eyelink belts with support: longitudinal support or herringbone support.


Longitudinal support for eyelink belts


Image featuring longitudinal support


The longitudinal support consists of support sections fitted in the longitudinal direction of the installation. These sections are placed at both sides and depending on the width and the load, about every 300 mm right across the width of the belt (see drawing). At the height of those support sections, rows of plate links must be fixed, which will convey the load to the underlying support sections. Depending on the load these rows will consists of one or more plates.


Herringbone support for eyelink belts


Image featuring herringbone support


In a herringbone support structure the support sections (as the name suggests and the drawing illustrates) are positioned in the form of a fish bone. In this case it will be sufficient to place rows of plate links at the edges only. The bearing function will be taken over by the eyelinks. As all eyelink hit the support strips some time or other, the wearing pattern will be equally spread across the full width of the belt. With this support the product will be equally processed across the full width of the belt. Possible shadow zones, as is the case in longitudinal support structures, will not occur here.


If hygine is even a more important issue than usual, we advise you to provide the belt with plate links at the edges only. Because of their round shape eyelinks are easier to clean than plate links. In such a construction the frame will be constructed with a herringbone support, so that filth falling through the belt will immediately be pushed away from the support strips.


Support return path


The return path only carries the weight of the belt. This is why a lighter support structure is sufficient here. In the longitudinal construction one of two profiles can be left out. The herringbone support can be executed in a less compact form. In the return path, the first 500 mm of the belt slacken. There is no support in order to make the formation of a sag possible. The formation of a sag will prevent the belt from climbing on to the drive. It is also necessary in order to prevent the belt from being pushed instead of pulled through the return path. At both ends the support sections should be slightly bent down, in order to establish a gradually guidance of the belt on to and off the profiles.


Rollers can also serve as a support to restrict the frictional coeffecient. The rollers must be at right angles to the frame, parallel to each other and level. The distance between the rollers is irregular, in order to prevent an irregular run.


Frictional coefficient


Below you will find an indication of the frictional coefficient for the different alternatives:

  • value of 0,20 – 0,25 with plastic strips, if high-quality
  • value of 0,70 with metal strips, the hardness of the strips should be higher than that of the plate links. In this case we advise the use of spring steel material
  • value of 0,10 in case of rollers supported on bearings, only in the return path and for belts provided with plates with wearing course on top

Side guidance

Image featuring Twentebelt eyelink side guidance


Side guidance is achieved by vertical profiles at both sides of the installation. These profiles should not get in contact with the belt. They are meant to guide the belt in case it deviates from the carrying path. A clearance of 5 to 10 mm between the profiles and the belt is basically sufficient. The geometry of the frame and the load of the belt are points of attention in the design and the adjustment of the installation, because these factors can influence the run of the belt.


The minimal facility at the input side consists of profiles both on top and on the underside, at the discharge side, however, only on top. The maximal facility consists of profiles over the full length of the carrying path and the return path with the exception of the sagging part. The compromise is the placement of profiles of 300 to 500 mm length every 2000 mm. The appropriate configuration is also determined by the speed, the length, the width and the load of the belt.


In case of doubt, please do not hesitate to contact us. We will be pleased to think along with you.




Generally, eyelink conveyor belts are driven directly on the eyelinks by means of specially developed drive sprockets. For DO belts these sprockets are provided with block teeth. In the case of DL belts the sprockets are constructed such that they exactly match the profiles at the underside of the belt. In case of belts with a large cross pitch (centre-to-centre distance of eyelinks) one could consider to place sprockets that are directly driven on the cross rod instead of on the eyelinks. Generally the sprockets are placed at both sides and under each row of plate links. The width, the number of teeth and the material of the sprockets are determined on the basis of the conditions of use.


When a construction of drive sprockets is applied in a freezer, sprockets with special toothing are used. In order to prevent the accumulation of ice, the so-called ‘ice-crusher’ sprockets are used. The special toothing limits the accumulation of ice to the minimum.


Sprockets are available in steel, AISI 304 (WS 1.4301), AISI 316 (WS 1.4401), PA6G and POM, or in other materials on request or on advice. An example of a stainless steel sprocket is featured below.




Cage rollers


Broad and heavily loaded eyelink conveyor belts are preferably driven by rollers right across the width of the belt, cage rollers in most of the cases. The straps of the roller regularly drive all the eyelinks of the pitch, which is conducive to a longer life span of the belt and also leads to a regular wear pattern.




Disc rollers


If there is a risk of accumulation of filth or ice, disc rollers should preferably be used. On a multiple of the cross pitch these rollers are provided with discs. These discs can be produced in different ways, so that different properties can be created:

  • Drive on the cross rod
  • Drive on the cross rod with a ‘lifting function’, where the teeth protrude through the belt and lift the product for discharge.




Tube rollers


In the grooves of tube rollers with replaceable strips, plastic or soft-metal strips are placed. In case of tube rollers with replaceable teeth, the teeth are welded. This construction has three advantages:

  • The tube construction limits deflection.
  • The drive components are replaceable.
  • The roller is reversible, which makes a second life cycle of the strips and the teeth possible, before they must be replaced.

In general, tube rollers drive long, broad and heavily loaded belts.


Chain sprockets


Eyelink belts can also be produced with chains, whereby the chain fulfils a driving function. Especially when the belt has to perform a negative bend, as is the case with many applications for freezing or blanching, and for ascending belts. In those applications the side-sprockets are replaced by chain sprockets belonging to the chain applied.


In this case, too, the rule applies that for bigger constructions chain sprockets will be placed in combination with a roller.


In all applications with chains a negative bend of the belt can easily be achieved by means of chain sprockets or wear strips of the hollow pin roller chain. Twentebelt prefers the use of sprockets with at least 12 teeth. This is based on the fact that with this number of teeth the so-called polygon effect will exert hardly any influence on the belt run. If the length and the load of the belt are moderate drive sprockets with a minimum of 8 teeth might be used. The ultimate determination of the necessary number of teeth depends on factors like width, length, load and running speed of the belt.




[Pitch diam. calculation]


The pitch diameter of sprockets and rollers can be determined by multiplying the number in column n, which is related to the desired number of teeth (column Z), by the pitch of the belt (T).


Z - nZ - nZ - n
8 - 2,613116 - 5,125824 - 7,6613
9 - 2,923817 - 5,442225 - 7,9787
10 - 3,236118 - 5,758826 - 8,2962
11 - 3,549519 - 6,075527 - 8,6138
12 - 3,863720 - 6,392528 - 8,9314
13 - 4,178621 - 6,709529 - 9,2491
14 - 4,49422 - 7,026730 - 9,5668
15 - 4,809723 - 7,343931 - 9,8845


Pitch circle diameter value for n (dst = n x T)




As for the return shaft there is a choice between toothed or smooth wheels or rollers. In principle, toothing only has a function in case of accumulation of ice or filth. Toothing on the return shaft consequently has no drive function. Generally, in small installations one prefers to provide the return shaft with toothed wheels. When, however, a cage roller was chosen to drive the belt, a smooth roller will be chosen for the return shaft. An exception to this is a drive with cage rollers and chain wheels, whereby the same construction is used as a return roller.


If provided with one tooth per pitch the rollers are one-directional and thus only to be used for drive or for return. Rollers with double strips can be used for both drive and return, if the installation is designed for this purpose.

Tensioning and adjusting

Eyelink belts should run under light tension. However, no exact value can be given for the tensioning of the belt. One should be able to lift the belt with one finger. In operating condition, the formation of a small sag under the drive end is allowed.


Of course, this depends on the length and the load. In general, the return shaft is the one for tensioning and adjustment. In case of short belts and insufficient geometry of the frame this can lead to a bad drive (see drawing below).


In most cases a screw tensioning device will suffice. An example of a screw tensioning device can be seen below.




In the case of a continuous tensioning device, hydraulic, pneumatic or with springs, there is always the risk of a certain amount of uncontrolled stretching that tends to elongate the belt. The table below provides the tensioning length per pitch. It has to be taken into account when the shaft has to be adjusted. The tensioning force = (the weight of the belt in the return part x the friction coefficient) x 9,8.


PitchTensioning length

Operating conditions



Eyelink conveyor belts can be used within a relatively broad temperature range. See the table for more information.


MaterialMinimum temperature in °CMaximum temperature in °C
Steel 0220
AISI 304- 80350
AISI 316- 80350




The maximum constant speed is 25 m/min. Brief peaks in speed up to 60 m/min. are possible with reservation. Eyelink conveyor belts provided with chains limit the maximum speed to 25 m/min.




Because of the many variable factors of eyelink belts the permitted load will be determined on request.


Negative bend


In case of negative bends of DL-type eyelink belts, a point concentrated load can occur in the zone of the location wire. As a result of repeated minimal bends the eyelinks can break. The use of special guidance strips with a wide radius offers a solution.






The materials we use for the production of our belts are suitable for contact with food.

  • Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belts in principle are delivered without any previous treatment or cleaning. During the production process of both the wire and the belt itself only vegetable oils are used. Afterwards the welding heads are brushed. If you wish so, your Twentebelt eyelink conveyor belt can be cleaned before delivery. High pressure steaming or pickling and passivating are appropriate methods.


Because of the risk of filth during the assembly in, the belt should preferably be cleaned after the installation!

  • Caustic soda and citric acid for stainless steel materials or any other suitable cleanser, ask your supplier.
  • Combinations of SS belt + C steel side chains should be cleaned with steam or hot water only and appropriate cleansers. Ask your supplier of cleansers. Citric acid corrodes C-Steel.
  • C-steel belts should be cleaned with steam or hot water and suitable cleansers. Ask your supplier.


Please note:


Drive and return wheels are often produced in plastic versions. In that case they are not resistant to certain cleansers. You are kindly requested to keep to the valid cleansing procedures during the installation of your machine, and, if necessary, to adjust the choice of your materials to them.

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Company details

Twentebelt B.V.

    Visiting address

Petroleumhavenstraat 1-3
7553 GS Hengelo OV
The Netherlands

    Mailing address

Petroleumhavenstraat 1-3
7553 GS Hengelo OV
The Netherlands

    Contact details

+31 (0)74 242 47 05

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